Dr Pascal Venier is a Historian of International Relations and Strategy. He hold a PhD in Modern History from Aix-Marseille University, awarded with distinction. He has worked for over twenty years as a professor in Britain, first at Liverpool Hope University (1992-1995) then at the University of Salford in Manchester (1995-2012). Between 2006 and 2015, he was a member of the editorial board of L’Espace Politique in Paris. He is currently an associate researcher at the Conseil québécois d’Études géopolitiques at Université Laval and is researching a book on Sir Halford Mackinder and the Invention of Geopolitics.